By Martin van Gelderen
This publication is a complete research of the heritage of the political considered the Dutch riot (1555-90). It explores the advance of the political principles which influenced and legitimized the Dutch resistance opposed to the govt. of Philip II within the Low international locations, and which grew to become the ideological foundations of the Dutch Republic because it emerged as one of many major powers of Europe. It exhibits how notions of liberty, constitutionalism, illustration and well known sovereignty have been of vital value to the political proposal and progressive occasions of the Dutch insurrection, giving upward thrust to a special political idea of resistance, to basic debates at the 'best kingdom' of the recent Dutch commonwealth and to passionate disputes at the dating among church and nation which caused one of the most eloquent early glossy pleas for spiritual toleration.
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Extra info for The Political Thought of the Dutch Revolt 1555-1590 (Ideas in Context)
Koenigsberger, Dominium regale or Dominium politicum et regale: monarchies and parliaments in early 15 modern Europe (London, 1975), which also discusses the Netherlands (pp. 16-21). Koenigsberger has argued that the reign of Charles V over the Netherlands was a ' typical example' of dominium politicum et regale. See H. G. ' Parliaments, Estates and Representation, 2 (1982), 103. See Hugo de Schepper, 'De burgerlijke overheden en hun permanente kaders, 1480-1579', in AGN v. 157. 20 Political thought of the Dutch Revolt The Governor-Generals were to be guided by the advice of three governmental councils, the Collateral Councils, which Charles V had created in 1531.
122). See Lynch, Spain under the Habsburgs, 293 and 253, where he points out that to view Philip's Spain 'as the champion of the Counter-Reformation is to ignore the secular content of her foreign policy, her adverse relations with the papacy, and her own religious development in the sixteenth century'. 32 Political thought of the Dutch Revolt and maybe principally, because he thought that maintaining religious unity within the empire was a pre-condition for maintaining the empire itself. This idea also formed the foundation of Philip's religious policy in the Netherlands, and it was one of the policy priorities Philip presented to his new governess, his half-sister Margaret, Duchess of Parma, when he left the Low Countries in 1559.
The Duke of Alva reluctantly accepted the appointment, on condition that Philip would soon follow. Due to many delays the duke did not arrive in the Netherlands 60 Holland in particular A. Duke and D. H. A. Kolff, 'The time of troubles in the county of Holland, 1566-1567', TvG 82 (1969), 316-37. For Orange's attitude see Woltjer, De vrede-makers, 66-7 and K. W. ' BMGJV 99 ), 557-8. 4O Political thought of the Dutch Revolt until the summer of 1567, when public order had already been restored. Embittered, the Duchess of Parma resigned office, and in December Alva was appointed Governor-General.