By Daniel Schmitt, Christine E. Wall, Pierre Lemelin (auth.), Chris Vinyard, Matthew J. Ravosa, Christine Wall (eds.)

Primates have strange heads between mammals. Their immense brains, rather brief faces and forward-facing eyes are a part of a special mix of characteristics that experience captured the curiosity of organic anthropologists for many years. Describing the styles of primate craniofacial evolution in addition to checking out the useful effects of this evolutionary historical past has been basic in constructing our present knowing of primates. Primate Craniofacial functionality and Biology surveys present examine on primate heads emphasizing the hot growth and variety of sensible stories into primate and mammalian craniofacial shape. a lot of the paintings integrated during this quantity was once encouraged via William L. Hylander and his life-long contribution to investigate on primate craniofacial shape and function.

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2 Fusion of the Mandibular Symphysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mastication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Symphyseal Strain, Fusion, and Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1974a). Jaw movement and tooth use in Recent and fossil primates. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 40:227–256. Kay, R. , and Hiiemae, K. M. (1974b). Mastication in Galago crassicaudatus: a cinefluorographic and occlusal study. In: Martin, R. , Doyle, G. , and Walker, A. C. ), Prosimian Biology. , pp. 501–530. Kay, R. , and Hylander, W. L. (1978). The dental structure of mammalian folivores with special reference to primates and phalangeroids (Marsupialia). In: Montgomery, G. , pp. 173–191. Lanyon, L. , and Rubin, C.

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Summary As in anthropoid primates, the mandibular symphysis in suoid artiodactyls is fused. Pigs (Sus scrofa) share the features that are thought to have influenced fusion in primates, including large size, tough diet, isognathy, and recruitment of balancingside muscles to produce a transverse power stroke. The symphysis is elongated rostro-caudally, stiffening it against transverse bending.

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