By Sally S. Weeks, Harmon P. Weeks Jr.

Local timber of the Midwest is a definitive advisor to deciding on timber in Indiana and surrounding states, written through 3 top forestry specialists. Descriptive textual content explains how one can determine each species in any season and colour pictures convey all very important features. not just does the e-book permit the person to spot bushes and examine in their ecological and distributional attributes, however it additionally offers an evaluate of every species relative to its power decorative price for these attracted to landscaping. in view that tree species have assorted values to natural world, an evaluate of natural world makes use of is gifted with a level of element to be had nowhere else. The revised and elevated moment variation features a bankruptcy on brought species that experience turn into naturalized and invasive in the course of the sector. All money owed were reviewed and variations made whilst essential to mirror adjustments in taxonomy, prestige, or flora and fauna makes use of. Keys were changed to include brought species.

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Extra info for Native Trees of the Midwest: Identification, Wildlife Values, and Landscaping

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Sylvestris). Foliage and seeds are of minor importance to birds and mammals as food. Landscaping Value:Hardy to Z one 1, jack pine is the cold-hardiest of the pines. ’It is basically insect- and disease-free and resistant to salt and drought. It is sensitive to ozone. Transplanting is relatively easy when it is small because of a shallow root system. Similar Species Distinctions: —Jack pine is the only pine in the northern Midwest that has 2 short needles per fascicle. —Red pine (P. resinosa) has 2 long needles per fascicle and red bark.

Seed conelets (female; left) sit upright along twigs and at the tips of twigs in the upper part of the tree, and are covered with fleshy, deep reddish scales. After fertilization, the conelets hang downward. The “flowers” appear in the spring. The common form of black spruce. Cones are small, only about 1 inch long. Margins of the brittle scales are irregularly toothed. They mature in fall. Mature bark is brownish gray, thin, and scaly. Inner bark color is greenish or yellowish. S. Pines are used extensively as ornamentals, specimen trees, and windbreaks.

Flower buds of maples are eaten to some degree by tree squirrels and ruffed grouse, and seeds are used by a variety of rodents, as well as by songbirds, ruffed grouse, and wild turkey. Availability of Acer seeds to wildlife is prolonged because our soft maples fruit in early spring and hard maples in mid- to late summer. Tree squirrels gnaw bark and drink sap of hard maples in the spring but rarely touch soft maples. Because maples are ubiquitous and common, they are used for nesting by songbirds, raptors, and tree squirrels, but are probably less preferred than trees of several other genera.

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