By Richard Howson, Kylie Smith

The originality and intensity of Gramsci's conception of hegemony is now evidenced within the wide-ranging highbrow purposes inside of a becoming corpus of analysis and writings that come with social, political and cultural conception, old interpretation, gender and globalization. the explanation that hegemony has been so greatly and diversely followed lies within the distinctive manner that Gramsci formulated the 'problematics' of structure/superstructure, coercion/consensus, materialism/idealism and regression/progression in the notion hegemony. despite the fact that, in a lot of the modern literature the whole complexity of hegemony is both obfuscated or ignored.

Hegemony, via accomplished and systematic analyses of Gramsci's formula, an image of hegemony as a fancy syncretism of those dichotomies. In different words, hegemony is gifted as an idea that's as a lot approximately aspiration and innovative politico-social kinfolk because it is set regressive and dominative techniques. hence, the quantity recognises and provides this complexity via a range of latest theoretical in addition to historico-social investigations that mark a considerably cutting edge second within the paintings on hegemony.

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This was a period of turbulence, mass strikes, violence, and destruction, but it was also a period of great intellectual and practical value to Gramsci’s political and intellectual development. THE DEMISE OF THE FACTORY COUNCILS AND THE RISE OF THE PCI In the aftermath of World War I, social, economic, and political tensions reached a fever pitch, with even Antonio Salandra, the authoritative leader of Italian conservatism, calling for the youth of Italy to assert itself. It was a time when all of Europe seemed inexorably drawn to revolution (Cammett 1967, 65).

In A. Gramsci, The Modern Prince and Other Writings. New York: International Publishers. Martin, J. 1997. Hegemony and the Crisis of Legitimacy in Gramsci. In History of the Human Sciences 10(1):37–56. Salvadori, M. 1979. Gramsci and the PCI: Two Conceptions of Hegemony. In Gramsci and Marxist Theory, ed. Mouffe. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd. 1 There are about half a dozen of these sources, some stemming from Gramsci’s university training in linguistics, not always explicitly stated as origins in the Notebooks, but traceable by assessing both Gramsci’s comments there and his preprison experience.

That, in the interests of ideological development, such things as ‘freedom of criticism’ for example, should be allowed. However, it should be allowed only so far as that criticism does not run counter to class and party interests. So in the final analysis, leadership is dominative, elitist, and authoritarian, and the alliance would always involve the ultimate and inevitable subordination of all other group interests, whether allied or antagonistic, firstly to the party’s hegemonic principles and then to the proletariat’s hegemonic principles (Howson 2006, 23).

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