By F. C. Thompson, A. L. Norrbom, L. E. Carroll, I. M. White (auth.), Martin Aluja, Pablo Liedo (eds.)
Fruit flies are greatly very important financial pests, as California has realized over the last few years (remember the Mediterranean Fruit Fly?). the matter is predicted to worsen, and problems with either easy learn and regulate measures are vitally important for this pest. This e-book is the edited, camera-ready court cases of a up to date foreign symposium on fruit flies of financial value. It covers present wisdom of fruit fly body structure, genetics, morphology and behaviour. It discusses motion courses for controlling and utilizing fruit flies in agronomy, in addition to the matter of fruit flies within the fruit becoming industry.
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Additional resources for Fruit Flies: Biology and Management
C. 1988. A list of the reported host plants of the species of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae). United States Department of Agriculture, APHIS 81-52. Prokopy, RI. 1980. Mating behavior of frugivorous Tephritidae in nature. Proceedings of a Symposium on Fruit Fly Problems, XVI Int. Congr. , Kyoto Ntl. Inst. Agric. Sci. Yatabe, lapan. pp. 37-46. Sivinski, 1. and Burk, T. 1989. Reproductive and mating behavior. In: Robinson, AS. and Hooper, G. (Editors). Fruit Flies. Their biology, natural enemies and control.
The earliest keys were just text, with relatively few characters. Keys have been improved over the years by adding more characters, as well as illustrations. But the main problem with keys is inflexibility. There is a set pathway (often a long one) through the key to each species; a single mistake may lead to an erroneous identification; a single missing character may leave the user at a dead end. Verification of the identification requires reading complete descriptions to find all the characters to check.
1993. 32 v. Hernandez-Ortiz Table 1. 1 UNPLACED SPECIES aeris Stone tll11lida Stone sp. novo 2 Distribution and zoogeograpby Anastrepha fruit flies are distributed mainly along both coastal slopes (Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico) from the sea level to altitudes of 1300 m; few species were found above this range. On the other hand, between each region there are important variations in climate and vegetation. g. A. crebra, A. bahiensis, A. tumida and A. cordata). g. A. acris, A. spatulata, A.