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This article presents a conceptual foudation for the dialogue of the varied moral difficulties psychologists come upon. sponsored up with case examples, it introduces a version of moral choice making in keeping with according to 5 ideas. The ebook is going directly to define the improvement of 5 key virtues, that represent moral personality and help ethical behaviour, and relates those princples and virtues to tough ethical dilemmas in perform, examine, and instructing.

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The second characteristic of the principle of beneficence obligates a psychologist to balance the potentially beneficial consequences of an action against the potentially harmful ones (Beauchamp & Childress, 1994). Unfortunately, in a world as complex as it is today, there is often a price to pay for accruing benefits. This issue may be most familiar to research psychologists who work with institutional review boards (IRBs). IRBs must evaluate whether the benefits that may follow from a proposed research project outweigh possible negative consequences of the research.

Case 2-2: After being in therapy for about 6 months, Ms. York expressed concern that she was feeling sexually attracted to her psychologist, Dr. Evans. Dr. Evans informed her that such feelings were a normal part of the therapy process, called transference, and that acting out these feelings was not only unethical but inadvisable therapeutically. Therapy proceeded with appropriate gains being made by Ms. York, however, she continued to maintain that she was very attracted to him. Dr. Evans became increasingly aware that he had similar feelings toward Ms.

Thus, although foundational ethical principles provide further clarification and guidance about ethical problems, they are not panaceas for good ethical reasoning but must be guided by ethical theory and reasoned judgments about where the weight of the argument lies. These ideas are articulated further in chapter 3. The Immediate Level of Moral Reasoning Individuals have ethical beliefs and emotional responses to problems, which result from what they have learned about what they ought and ought not to do from their parents, teachers, and society.

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