By Robert J. Gordon

Fifty Key Anthropologists surveys the existence and paintings of a few of the main influential figures in anthropology. The entries, written by way of a world diversity of professional members, symbolize the range of idea in the topic, incorporating either vintage theorists and more moderen anthropological thinkers. Names mentioned contain: Clifford Geertz Bronislaw Malinowski Zora Neale Hurston Sherry B. Ortner Claude L?vi-Strauss Rodney Needham Mary Douglas Marcel Mauss This available A-Z advisor comprises invaluable cross-referencing, a timeline of key dates and faculties of proposal, and recommendations for extra examining. it will likely be of curiosity to scholars of anthropology and similar matters in need of a succinct review of the information and effect of key anthropologists who've helped to form the self-discipline.

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Hannerz, and C. ), pp. 129–42, London: Routledge. ——(2000c) ‘Spectral Housing and Urban Cleansing: Notes on Millennial Mumbai,’ Public Culture 12(3): 627–51. ——(2004) ‘The Capacity to Aspire,’ in Cultural and Public Action, V. Rao and M. ), 59–84, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ——(2005) ‘Materiality in the Future of Anthropology,’ in Commodification: Things, Agency and Identities (The Social Life of Things 7 FREDERICK G. BAILEY (1924–) Revisited), W. van Binsbergen and P. ), pp. 55–62, Hamburg: LIT Verlag.

The book is a model of national character studies, beautifully written and persuasive. For Benedict, Japan exemplified a ‘high synergy’ society, in which institutions fit together coherently and personality coincides with culture. Benedict indicates the methods by which ‘integrity’ comes about, the details of behavior that reinforce the pattern, and the methods of childrearing that guarantee successful integration of individuals into social institutions. She maintains the crucial tenet of her anthropology: bringing contrasting cultures into illuminating relation, in this case Japan and the US.

She puzzled over configuration and she submitted the manuscript with the word pattern instead. Published by Houghton-Mifflin in 1934, Patterns of Culture instantly became, and has remained, a classic in anthropology. Benedict’s choice of ‘pattern’ reflected a move from earlier pieces, in which she posited a theory of the integration of cultures. Pattern suggested a dynamic, continually emerging arrangement, intrinsic, creative, and adaptive. The word also emphasized the aesthetic dimension of integrity, an outcome in elegance that she transformed into a comparative method.

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