By Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

People live longer, and the elder inhabitants is transforming into better. to fulfill the continued desire for caliber info on elder future health, this ebook combines a number of views to provide readers a extra exact and whole photo of the getting older approach. The booklet takes a biopsychosocial method of the complexities of its topic, and all chapters and entries comprise references and source lists. The booklet contains entries on not-quite-elders’ matters (e.g., midlife hindrance, menopause). The Encyclopedia has been constructed for optimum application to clinicians, social staff, researchers, and public overall healthiness execs operating with older adults.

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For one thing, the aging process itself becomes a real barrier. As interest in food diminishes, incomes fall, and other health issues affect appetite, seniors may cut back on calories even though the requirements for many nutrients do not change. Other factors that may affect one’s nutritional status are not so obvious. Loneliness, for example, can cripple a person who has always lived with a spouse or other family members. With limited cooking or shopping skills, older men may eat less or skip meals altogether.

In 1890, only 28% of the US population lived in cities; by 1930, this percentage had doubled to 56%. However, the Great Depression of the 1930s triggered a crisis in the nation’s economic life, and it was against this backdrop that the Social Security Act emerged. Social Security has turned out to be the nation’s top antipoverty program. It is particularly important to older women and people of color, who are more likely to face poverty in their retirement years. Social Security’s benefit formula is weighted so that lower‐ and average‐wage workers will receive benefits replacing a larger percentage of earnings than higher‐wage workers.

Nearly 75% of older Americans do not participate in any routine physical activities. The History and Demography of Aging in the United States 2 Chronic Diseases Chronic diseases are not generally prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear. To a large degree, the major chronic disease killers—heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes—are an extension of what people do, or not do, as they go about their daily lives. Eighty‐eight percent of those over 65 years of age have at least one chronic health condition.

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