By Alexander Senning

Noting a marked loss of comprehensiveness and/or contemporaneity between average reference works on chemical etymology, in addition to a slightly spotty assurance of chemical phrases and their etymology in entire dictionaries and textbooks the writer made up our minds to put in writing an updated table reference on chemical etymology which might fulfill the desires of informal readers in addition to these of extra tough clients of etymological lore. attribute common positive aspects of the current paintings comprise avoidance of bulky abbreviations, avoidance of entries in international alphabets, and a huge insurance of all chemical disciplines together with mineralogy. organic, scientific, geological, actual and mathematical phrases are just thought of the place they seem of curiosity to mainstream chemists.This ebook doesn't offer definitions of phrases (unless required within the etymological context) nor advice as to the timeliness of other nomenclature structures. the common person will from the outset be good conscious of the precise which means of the phrases she or he makes a speciality of and merely require the etymological historical past for use. Examples of resources that have been drawn upon within the guidance of this publication, except the super beneficial net source Google, are indexed, yet an arduous enumeration will be tiresome and impractical.. * an updated table reference on chemical etymology* attribute common good points* vast assurance of all chemical disciplines

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Extra info for Elsevier's Dictionary of Chemoetymology: The Whies and Whences of Chemical Nomenclature and Terminology

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A. van Dorp argent(o)derived from argentum argentum Ag, New Latin name for silver, derived from argentum (Latin: silver) argillderived from argilla (Latin: clay) argillite a heterogeneous mineral, derived from argill- and -ite arginase derived from arginine and -ase arginine C6H14N4O2, derived from argentum and -in(e) – referring to this amino acid’s silver salts of low solubility argon Ar, derived from argos (Greek: idle), from a(n)- (Greek: non-) and ergon (Greek: work), and 1-on argyr(o)derived from argyros (Greek: silver) argyrodite Ag8GeS6, derived from argyrodes (Greek: silver-containing) and -ite -aric acid derived from glucaric acid arfvedsonite Fe5Na3H2(SiO3)8, named for the Swedish chemist Johan August Arfvedson (17921841) aricine C22H26N2O4, derived from the harbor town of Arica, Peru (now Chile) and -in(e) – referring to the shipping from this port to Europe of the Peruvian cinchona bark from which this alkaloid was isolated argentite Ag2S, derived from argent(o)- and –ite aridium Fe, a name suggested by the Swedish 30 chemist Clemens Ullgren (1811-1868) for a supposedly new element later shown to be iron, derived from Ares, the Ancient Greek god of war, eidos (Greek: form, shape), and -ium – referring to this hypothetical element’s similarity to iron aristolane (ferulane) C15H26, derived from the genus name Aristolochia (birthwort), from aristos (Greek: best) and locheia (Greek: childbirth), and -an(e) aristolochic acid C17H11NO7, derived from the genus name Aristolochia (birthwort), from aristos (Greek: best) and locheia (Greek: childbirth) van Arkel and de Boer process named for the Dutch chemists Anton Eduard van Arkel (1893-1976) and Jan Hendrik de Boer (1899-1971) armalcolite (Mg,Fe)Ti2O5, coined by contraction of the names of the US astronauts Neil Alden Armstrong (born 1930), Edwin Eugene Aldrin (born 1930), and Michael Collins (born 1930) armepavine C19H23NO3, derived (with transposition and contraction) from the species name Papaver armeniacum L.

H. M. Bettendorff (1839-1902) Bial reagent named for the French physician M. ), derived from bikh (Hindi: poison), aconit-, and -in(e) bilane (bilinogen) C19H20N4, derived from bil(i)- and -an(e) bilene C19H18N4, derived from bil(i)- and -ene bil(i)derived from bilis (Latin: bile) biline C19H14N4, derived from bil(i)- and -in(e) biliprotein derived from bil(i)- and protein bilirubin C33H36N4O6, derived from bil(i)-, rubi-, and -in(e) biliverdin C33H34N4O6, derived from bil(i)-, verd (Old French: green), and -in(e) Billiter process named for the Austrian chemist Jean Billiter (1877-1965) binary derived from binaris (Latin: consisting of two) Bindschedler’s green C16H20ClN3, named for the chemical company Bindschedler & Busch, Basel, Switzerland which developed this dye Bingham fluid named for the US chemist Eugene Cook Bingham (1878-1945) bioderived from bios (Greek: life) biocide derived from bio- and -cide biocytin C16H28N4O4S, derived (with contraction) from biotin, cyt(o)-, and -in(e) biopterin C9H11N5O3, derived from bio- and pterin biotin (coenzyme R, vitamin B7, vitamin H) C10H16N2O3S, derived from bios (Greek: life) and -in(e) biotite K(Mg,Fe)3(Si3Al)O10(OH,F)2, named for the French mathematician and physicist JeanBaptiste Biot (1774-1862) Biot’s law named for the French mathematician and physicist Jean-Baptiste Biot (1774-1862) biphenyl C12H10, derived from bi(s)- and phenyl biphenylyl (xenyl) C12H9−, derived from biphenyl and -yl Birch reduction named for the Australian chemist Arthur John Birch (1915-1995) Birkeland-Eyde process named for the Norwegian chemist Kristian Olaf Bernhard Birkeland (1867-1917) and the Norwegian engineer Sam Eyde (18661940) bi(s)derived from bis (Latin: twice, two-fold) 49 bisabolderived from bisabol (gum resin af African trees of the genus Commiphora), from bisap u ala (Wolof: bisabol) patterned after phosphorane bisabolane C15H30, derived from bisabol- and -an(e) bismuth Bi, derived from Wismut (lay German: bismuth), possibly from wiss (Medieval German: white) and matte (Medieval German: barrengrounds, deads) bisabolene C15H24, derived from bisabol- and -ene bismuthane (bismuthine) BiH3, derived from bismuth and -an(e) bisabolol C15H26O, derived from bisabol- and -ol bismuthine (bismuthane) BiH3, derived from bismuth and -in(e) Bischler-Möhlau indole synthesis named for the German-Swiss chemist August Bischler (1865-1957) and the German chemist R.

Boord boracite Mg3B7O13Cl, derived from borax and -ite borane BH3, derived from boron and -an(e) borate derived from boric acid and -ate borax (tincal) Na2B4O7⋅10H2O, ultimately derived from burah (Persian: borax, soda, literally white) borazon BN, derived from boron, az(ot)-, and 1-on Borch reduction named for the US chemist Richard Frederic Borch (born 1941) Bordeaux mixture a translation of bouillie bordelaise (French: Bordeaux brew), named for the Bordeaux wine growing area, France where this fungicide was first used bore B, unsuccessfully suggested name boron, derived from borax for boric acid H3BO3, derived from boron boride B3−, derived from boron and -ide borium B, New Latin name for boron, derived from Bor (German: boron) and -ium 52 bornane (camphane) C10H18, derived from borneol and -an(e) Borneo camphor (borneol, Malayan camphor, Sumatra camphor) C10H18O, named after the island of Borneo, Indonesia borneol (Borneo camphor, Malayan camphor, Sumatra camphor) C10H18O, derived (with contraction) from Borneo camphor and -ol Born-Haber cycle named for the German physicist Max Born (1882-1970) and the German chemist Fritz Haber (1868-1934) bornite Cu5FeS4, named for the Austrian mineralogist Ignaz von Born (1742-1791) Borodin reaction (Hunsdiecker reaction) named for the Russian chemist and musical composer Alexander Porfirievich Borodin (1833-1887) boromycin C45H74BNO15, derived from boron and -mycin boron B, derived (with contraction) from borax and carbon – referring to boron’s perceived similarity to carbon Borsche-Drechsel cyclization named for the German chemists Walter Borsche (1877-1950) and E.

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