By Dorothy H. Crawford
First chanced on in 1976, and lengthy considered as an simply workable virus affecting remoted rural groups, Ebola rocketed to global prominence in 2014 as a perilous epidemic swept via Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia in West Africa. millions of individuals died because the terribly contagious affliction unfold quickly from villages to city centres. preliminary quarantine responses proved usually too little and too past due, and the clinical infrastructure of the affected international locations struggled to manage. via August 2014, numerous months after the beginning of the outbreak, the WHO declared the epidemic a public healthiness emergency and foreign relief groups and volunteers started to pour in. yet halting the epidemic proved to be highly demanding, not just when it comes to the practicalities of facing the sheer numbers of sufferers wearing the hugely infectious virus, yet in facing social and cultural obstacles. the writer, Dorothy Crawford, visited Sierra Leone whereas the epidemic used to be ongoing and met with these at the frontline within the struggle opposed to the virus.-- Read more...
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Thus the details of the trip he took just prior to his illness became all important. Between August 10 and 22, 1976, Lokela had toured the Mobaye-Bongo Zone in the north 22 the first ebol a ou tbr e ak east of the Equateur Region with six other men. On August 22 he bought fresh and smoked antelope and monkey meat from a road-side stall 50km north of Yambuku. On his return he and his family stewed and ate the antelope meat but did not eat the mon key meat. The Commissioners knew that an outbreak of a similar haem orrhagic fever had been ongoing in southern Sudan since June 1976, centred on the townships of Nzara and Maridi near the bor der with DRC some 724km (450 miles) from Yambuku (Figure 1).
Listening to the heart- rending account of their horrendous experiences over the previous weeks, it seemed that virtually everyone stricken by Yambuku fever had died an agonizing death within a week. The nuns knew of only two survivors—one was Mbuzu ex-Sophie, wife of the head teacher, and the other was Sukato, a male nurse from the mission hospital. Piot and his colleagues still had no clue how the virus spread or how long it could survive in the environment. So before turning in for the night, as a precaution, they fumigated a mission school classroom and mopped the floor with bleach before sleeping on the bare boards.
7 During the procedure they took few precautions against infection, and eight days later one of them, a 34-year-old, female, Swiss scientist, became unwell with fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, and a cough. She was admitted to hospital in Abidjan, the capital of Côte d’Ivoire, where she was treated for malaria. 8 Fortunately, she made a full recovery and no further cases occurred. 9 Tissues from a chimp that died in the outbreak also tested positive for Ebola, and this new species is now named Tai Forest Ebola virus.