By Markku Filppula, International Conference on Methods in D

Nonstandard different types of languages have lately develop into an item of latest curiosity in scholarly examine. this can be a great deal a result of advances within the equipment utilized in facts assortment and research, in addition to the emergence of latest language-theoretical frameworks. The articles during this quantity stem from the eleventh foreign convention on equipment in Dialectology (Methods XI, August 2002, Joensuu). The subject matter for this convention was once “Dialects throughout borders”. the choice of contributions incorporated during this quantity demonstrates how different types of borders exert significant impact on linguistic behaviour around the world. The articles were grouped in accordance with whether or not they deal basically with the linguistic results of political and old borders among states (Part I); different types of social and local obstacles, together with borders in a metaphorical feel, i.e. social boundaries and psychological or cognitive barriers (Part II); and at last, obstacles among languages (Part III).

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Extra resources for Dialects Across Borders: Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology (Methods XI), Joensuu, August 2002

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Finger, Bernd. 2002. “Die Verwendung von Nicht-Standardvarietäten in der transnationalen Kommunikation: Ausgehend von grenzüberschreitendem Dialektgebrauch am Oberrhein”. Sprachbewussheit im schulischen und sozialen Kontext (= forum Angewandte Linguistik Bd. 39) ed. A. W. Wildgen, 91–116. Frankfurt: Lang. Gilles, Peter. 1999. Dialektausgleich im Lëtzebuergeschen: zur phonetischphonologischen Fokussierung einer Nationalsprache. Tübingen: Niemeyer. THE CONSTRUCTION OF LINGUISTIC BORDERS 29 Gilles, Peter & Renate Schrambke.

385–436. Bowerman, M. and S. Choi 2001. “Shaping meanings for language: universal and language-specific in the acquisition of spatial semantic categories”. Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development ed. by M. C. Levinson, 475–511. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Carigiet, W. 2000. “Zur Mehrsprachigkeit der Bündnerromanen”. Bickel & Schläpfer 2000. 235–239. Harnisch, K-R. 1982. “Doppelpartikelverben als Gegenstand der Wortbildungslehre und Richtungsadverbien als Präpositionen”. Tendenzen STATIC SPATIAL RELATIONS IN GERMAN AND ROMANCE 49 verbaler Wortbildung in der deutschen Gegenwartssprache ed.

The median line at about 50% suggests that the ‘average’ speaker of German uses co-event verbs in about 50% of all responses. The scattering is very high, from almost 0 to almost 1, which means that some speakers of German hardly ever integrate co-events, whereas others almost always do. The very low values for co-event participles indicate that — although they are possible — co-event participles do not play an important role in this language. If speakers of Italian and French express co-event information at all, they tend to do this using participles.

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