By Ángel R. Oquendo
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Cátedra en que Foucault pretendió mostrar las técnicas, los procedimientos y los fines históricos con los que un sujeto ético se constituye en una relación determinada consigo mismo, y formulation los angeles pregunta: ¿y si las luchas de hoy no fueran luchas contra las dominaciones políticas e ideológicas, contra l. a. explotación económica, sino luchas contra los angeles sujeción identitaria?
Certainties of orientations are eroding, identities are being puzzled. The expanding speed of social improvement is giving upward thrust to such trends via altering widespread buildings and social certainties verified over the years. conventional wisdom -- that's handed on from one new release to the following by means of the church, the kingdom, faculties and households -- is turning into superseded at an accelerating speed.
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G. memoirs about Gcrnrany in the last years of the war and its imnrediate after n1athcont^in impressive testimonyof the rvay in which apocalypse and norm:rlity coexistside'by side. Even in hard tirnes, crisesof meaning rarely afflict all arcasof life sinultaneously and vith dre same forcc. Particularly when habituated action has becomedifficult or irnpossiblein many areas,it protects x8ainstcrisesof meaning in those areaswhere one can continue according to habit. rrnot in the rvakc of serious catastrophcsand total wars the range of habitual norrnalityvhich is maintaincdis of coursemuch wider.
Ihere is here However,pluralismmakesthis controLmore difficult. Liberation is an xmbituous thing. MadameBovarysuffersin her narrow,provincialworld. Alienatlonwouldhavebeenthe priceof "roorlcher grcrter lre"dom. rhe l-,''clr. br"r cen,rrnlylrer chilclrcnwould probably haveconceivedthe ideathat the old provincial world had its goodsidesafter all which at the time were so takenfor grantcddratthey werenot noticedat ali. Projects 43 "old aimed at restoring the good world" almost always include the suppressionor linitation of pluralism - and with good reason: pluralism constantly suggcstsalternatives,alternativesforce people to think, thinking undermincs the foundation of all versions of a "good oLdworld'; the assumptiono[ its unquestionedexistence.
A scanrless transitionfrom primaryto sec js thc cxceprioin nrostsocieties, ondarysocialization not the rule. Neverthclcss,even üis can be spokenof as ''nonnatity'. One way or 42 - harmless anotherthe deviantbchaviormustbc renderedharmless for the executionof thc progrannre. The internalaspect of this processof socialcontroLis the attemptto stop deviant thought and to restorcthe previoLrs'mindless"acceptance of nor malrty. Conscrvativephilosophershavealways senseddris;seniorpolicemcn know it from practicalexperiencc.