By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's in general recognized concerning the brain and the brain,'' has develop into essentially the most flourishing fields of latest linguistics. The chapters deal with many vintage subject matters of Cognitive Linguistics. those themes comprise reviews at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / structures (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic elements of posture verbs.
the main attribute of this quantity is that each one papers undertake the methodological point of view of Corpus Linguistics, the swiftly evolving department of linguistics in accordance with the automatic research of language utilized in genuine settings. hence, the contributions don't in simple terms all offer numerous new insights of their respective fields, additionally they introduce new information in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative tools of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors talk about either theoretical implications going way past the singular subject matters of the stories and express how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the information come from quite a few assorted corpora. As such, the current quantity could be of curiosity to quite a lot of students with many various foci and pursuits and will pave the best way for additional integration of usage-based concepts of research inside of this intriguing paradigm.
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Extra resources for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
21) proposes a cross-linguistically supported account of complementation that explicitly refers to the degree of integration or binding between two verbs. According to Givón, the degree of morphosyntactic integration between finite and infinite verb can be seen as iconically coding the degree of semantic integration of two single events into a single complex event structure. The meaning of the verbs dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ and sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’ is exclusive to co-referential constructions that contain an infinitive: they are restricted to the highest degree of binding and are most susceptible to semantic integration as a single event.
And, of course, if the subject is undertaking action, as is the case with planirovat’ ‘plan’, the likelihood of achieving results rises proportionally. This adjacency might be another reason why some dictionaries do include planirovat’ ‘plan’ as a near-synonym of verbs expressing INTENT (Apresjan et al. 1999²: 385–390) whereas others do not (Evgen’eva 2001², 1: 590–591). On the view of near-synonyms I propose, minor dissimilarities between verbs are allowed: what lexemes “prefer” inside constructions reveals the variation between dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’, sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’, predpolagat’ ‘intend, propose’ and xotet’ ‘want, intend’.
The situation is quite different with dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ and sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’. Namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ lacks the possibility of combining with non-verbal entities Ways of intending: Delineating and structuring near-synonyms 25 altogether, thus being restricted to combinations with an infinitive. e. a combination with an infinitive or with a noun, goes together with a sharp difference in the meaning of dumat’ and sobirat’sja themselves. Take the example of dumat’ (taken from Apresjan and Pall [1982, 1: 389–390]).