By Chas Emerick
Clojure is a pragmatic, general-purpose language that gives expressivity rivaling different dynamic languages like Ruby and Python, whereas seamlessly profiting from Java libraries, providers, and the entire assets of the JVM surroundings. This publication is helping you examine the basics of Clojure with examples referring to it to the languages you recognize already, within the domain names and subject matters you're employed with on a daily basis. See how this JVM language can assist do away with pointless complexity out of your programming perform and open up new strategies for fixing the main tough difficulties.
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Extra resources for Clojure Programming: Practical Lisp for the Java World
This allows functions and libraries to be trivially composed around the data being handled with a minimum of integration, “glue code,” and other incidental complexity. One challenge when working with abstract collections is being able to concisely access multiple values in those collections. 2 Clojure provides convenience functions for accessing the first, second, and last values from a sequential collection. The nth function allows you pluck any value from a sequential collection using an index into that collection.
This sort of syntactic extension generally requires macros, which are treated in detail in Chapter 5. info 'x ;= x Any Clojure form can be quoted, including data structures. Doing so returns the data structure in question, with evaluation recursively suppressed for all of its elements: '(+ x x) ;= (+ x x) (list? '(+ x x)) ;= true While lists are usually evaluated as calls, quoting a list suppresses that evaluation, yielding the list itself; in this case, a list of three symbols: '+, 'x, and 'x.
You should prefer the shorter notation in general. 2. You can define a variadic function31 and refer to that function’s rest arguments using the %& symbol. These functions are therefore equivalent: (fn [x & rest] (- x (apply + rest))) #(- % (apply + %&)) Function literals cannot be nested. IllegalStateException: ;= Nested #()s are not allowed> Aside from the fact that the bodies of function literals are intended to be terse, simple expressions, making the prospect of nested function literals a readability and comprehension nightmare, there’s simply no way to disambiguate which function’s first argument % is referring to.