By Peter Howarth

This is a desirable perception into China’s strategic talents and goals, probing the genuine depths of its plans for the twenty-first century. China's emerging Sea strength explores similarities among China’s strategic outlook this present day and that of previous continental powers whose submarine fleets challenged dominant maritime powers for nearby hegemony: Germany in global Wars and the Soviet Union in the course of the chilly warfare. utilizing insights from classical naval strategic concept, Peter Howarth examines Beijing’s strategic common sense in making tactical submarines the keystone of China’s naval strength constitution. He additionally investigates the effect of Soviet naval method and old chinese language army idea at the PLA Navy’s strategic tradition, contending that China’s more and more able submarine fleet might play a key position in Beijing’s use of strength to solve the Taiwan factor. This e-book can be of significant curiosity to all scholars and students of safeguard and strategic reviews, Asian politics, geopolitics and armed forces (naval) procedure.

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Extra resources for China's Rising Sea Power (The PLA Navy's Submarine Challenge) (Asian Security Studies)

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China’s ability to pose a nuclear threat to the continental United States currently depends on around twenty DF-5 and DF-5A (CSS-4) intercontinental ballistic missiles, first deployed in 1981, which have a range of around 13,000 kilometres and each carry one 4 to 5Mt warhead. The Chinese nuclear arsenal also includes a range of theatre weapons which could be used to target US and allied forces and bases in the Pacific. 3Mt warheads; and some 48 DF-21A (CSS-5), 1,800km-range missiles, each armed with a 200–300kt warhead.

23 THE GEOPOLITICAL CONTEXT Despite the fact that China has more than 17,000 kilometres of coastline and over 6,000 islands, history and geography have conspired to make China’s strategic culture one of a continental rather than a maritime state. Although the extent of China’s territory has waxed and waned through history, its current land borders are more than 16,000 kilometres in length. By way of comparison, the northern borders of the Roman Empire at the time of Augustus – from Spain in the west to Jerusalem in the east – measured some 8,000 kilometres (Swaine and Tellis 2000: 9).

They conclude that ‘it is an important aspect of navy restructuring to develop and maintain submarine forces’ (Shen et al. 1998: 283). American naval officers also recognise the significance of China’s emphasis on developing an effective submarine warfare capability. In the view of Rear Admiral Michael McDevitt (US Navy, retd) (2000): ‘submarines are an essential ingredient in China’s maritime strategy. ’ Goldstein and Murray (2003) maintain that ‘perhaps the most significant development for the US Navy is China’s extensive efforts to upgrade its submarine force’ and warns that ‘the US Navy should not underestimate China’s ability to build a capable submarine force to challenge a superior foe’.

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