By Jikun Huang, Syed Arif Husain, Scott Rozelle, Aaron Zazueta
Even though the involvement of the area financial institution within the woodland quarter has a comparatively brief historical past, beginning in 1988, the influence of financial institution tasks dates again a lot extra. The Bank's 1991 wooded area method under pressure a multi-sectoral procedure. for this reason, this evaluate checked out the Bank's tasks within the woodland area, initiatives with woodland quarter elements, and initiatives with strength affects on forests, in addition to the Bank's non-lending providers. those reviews search to pass judgement on no matter if the financial institution has 'done the ideal issues' and 'done issues right'.
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Extra info for China: From Afforestation to Poverty Alleviation and Natural Forest Management (Evaluation Country Case Study Series)
For example, limited-species forests do not greatly increase the natural forest's diverse flora and habitat for large groups of wildlife, except to the extent that they indirectly reduce pressure on natural forests. These and other adverse environmental impacts also may have indirect effects on the livelihoods of certain groups of forest dwellers in that some non-timber products also are tied to the diversity of natural forests. The 1998 logging ban may slow this trend, but the substantial tradeoffs between environmental and socioeconomic objectives in the short and medium term could make the economic and socioeconomic costs of the ban very high.
It goes on to say that projects in the latter category "may be pursued only where broad sectoral reforms are in hand, or where remaining forest cover in the client country is so limited that preserving it in its entirety is the agreed course of action" (para. 1c). The main report for this study finds that the Bank could more usefully and proactively work with stakeholders sympathetic to reforms in borrowing countries in ensuring that reforms are in hand, rather than wait for them to occur before getting engaged in the forest sector.
GREGORY INGRAM DIRECTOR OPERATIONS EVALUATION DEPARTMENT THE WORLD BANK Director-General, Operations Evaluation Department: Mr. Robert Picciotto Director, Operations Evaluation Department: Mr. Gregory Ingram Task Manager: Ms. Uma Lele Page xi ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report is a collaborative effort between two country authors, Scott Rozelle and Jikun Huang, and the Operations Evaluation Department (OED) review team under the general direction of Uma Lele. Messrs. Rozelle and Huang conducted desk and field work and wrote the first and second drafts of the report, Arif Husain contributed analysis of the Bank's lending and performance, Aaron Zazueta assessed the forest projects and projects with potential impacts on forests, and William Hurlbut provided editorial input.