By Romania) Regional Conference for South East Europe 2001 (Bucharest, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Dimitri G. Demekas, World Bank International Monetary Fund

A copublication of the area financial institution and the foreign financial Fund; ahead of the eruption of the Kosovo clash within the spring of 1999, the nations of South jap Europe - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Romania, and FR Yugoslavia - have been lagging at the back of these of principal Europe and the Baltics from an fiscal and governance point of view. even though brief lived, the obstacle threatened all international locations within the quarter and therefore, it grew to become a defining second for them. The method built by means of the interrational neighborhood in keeping with the crises, was once a completely built-in one, which incorporated reconstruction and fiscal prosperity for the whole quarter. This paper records the growth made through the area by way of monetary progress and govt reform. It recognizes the optimistic effect of the donor group upon this growth and issues out that ongoing development will depend on powerful governance and coverage improvement from the professionals within the zone. this is often severe to bringing deepest funding into the zone.

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More than 25 percent o f large-scale enterprise assets in private hands or in the process o f 3 being privatized (with the process having reached a stage at which the state has effectively ceded i t s ownership rights), but possible with major unresolved issues regarding corporate govemanc e. 4 More than 50 percent o f state-owned enterprise and farm assets in private ownership and significant progress o n corporate govemance o f these enterprises. 4+ Standards and Performance typical o f advanced industrial economies: more than 75 percent o f enterprise assets in private ownership with effective corporate govemance.

Source: The World Bank. 101 31 84 24 24 24 - - 34 Table 7. South Eastern Europe: Direction o f Trade, Export shares (1995-2000) 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 (in percent) SEE EU Intra-regionaltrade Rest o f the world 100 50 9 41 100 51 9 40 100 53 9 38 100 58 9 33 100 59 9 32 100 59 10 31 Albania EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 79 5 15 100 86 4 10 100 87 7 5 100 93 2 5 100 94 2 5 100 91 1 8 Bosnia and Herzegovina EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 56 17 28 100 44 34 22 100 44 36 20 100 49 31 19 100 60 19 20 100 65 13 22 Bulgaria EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 39 13 48 100 40 11 49 100 45 7 48 100 51 7 42 100 54 10 36 100 52 13 36 Croatia EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 58 10 32 100 51 14 35 100 51 17 31 100 48 16 36 100 49 15 36 100 55 13 32 FYR Macedonia EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 34 34 32 100 43 32 25 100 37 33 30 100 44 29 27 100 45 31 25 100 49 30 21 Romania EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 54 2 44 100 56 2 42 100 57 1 42 100 65 3 32 100 66 3 31 100 64 4 32 FR Yugoslavia EU SEE Rest o f the World 100 58 4 38 100 76 3 21 100 83 3 14 100 73 7 21 100 70 8 22 100 68 9 23 Source: DOTS database, IMF - 35 Table 8.

4 (0, 74) There are seasonal tariffs on some agricultural goods and a high numhcr of tariff hands Some minor stale trading None Eliminated in January 1999 Crontia 7 I ( 0 . 90) 226 tariff lincs arc subject to compound There are no bands, quantitatne restrictions, or restrictire licensing requirements. 2 (0, 60) eliminated in January 2002) Romania F R Yugoslavia 2/ export promotion. 4 (0, 30) 1 % Customs inspection duly. A seasonal tariff of up to 20 percent is applied to a Import licences are required for about 200 tariff lines.

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