By Heikki Hänninen

This e-book offers an outline of the way boreal and temperate tree species have tailored their annual improvement cycle to the seasonally various weather conditions. for that reason, the frost hardy dormant part, and the vulnerable development section, are synchronized with the seasonality of the climate.

the quantity discusses the yearly cycle, together with a number of attributes akin to timing of bud burst and different phenological occasions, seasonality of photosynthetic capability or the frost hardiness of the trees.

over the past few a long time dynamic ecophysiological types were used more and more in experiences of the once a year cycle, really whilst projecting the ecological results of weather switch. the most emphasis of this quantity is on combining modelling with experimental reviews, and at the value of the organic realism of the models.

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Additional info for Boreal and Temperate Trees in a Changing Climate: Modelling the Ecophysiology of Seasonality

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Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Fenniae, 66(7), 1–16. Hari, P. (1972). Physiological stage of development in biological models of growth and maturation. Annales Botanici Fennici, 9, 107–115. Hari, P. (2013). The approach to construct and test the theory of forest ecology. In P. Hari, K. Heli€ovaara, & L. ), Physical and physiological forest ecology (pp. 7–25). Dordrecht: Springer. , & Ha¨kkinen, R. (1991). The utilization of old phenological time series of budburst to compare models describing annual cycles of plants.

1974). A model for estimating the completion of rest for ‘Redhaven’ and ‘Elberta’ peach trees. HortScience, 9, 331–332. Sarvas, R. (1967). The annual period of development of forest trees. Proceedings of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, 1995, 211–231. Sarvas, R. (1972). Investigations on the annual cycle of development of forest trees. Active period. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Fenniae, 76(3), 1–110. Sarvas, R. (1974). Investigations on the annual cycle of development of forest trees.

2 provides ecological projections for the future, which is the kind of information requested by decision-makers and other 18 2 Dynamic Modelling of the Annual Cycle end-users of scientific information. However, it is of utmost importance that the ecological scenarios obtained are interpreted with care. They will be realized only (i) if the climatic scenario is realized and (ii) if the ecophysiological model applied provides a sufficient description of the ecophysiological phenomena involved (Ha¨nninen 1995a, b).

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