By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec
In recent times, the advance of recent applied sciences has authorised the construction of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are in a position to sensing adjustments in environmental stipulations or physique services and are effectively responding to them. they can take up elements from the outside or to unencumber healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in lingerie with an built-in cardio-on-line process or as textiles with provider molecules. the point of interest of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies presently at the use of textiles assisting treatment and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new traits within the interplay among textiles and the surface, quite the advance of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It offers a variety of papers on the way to give a contribution to extra consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and fabric engineers.
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Extra info for Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin
The human skin flora is defined as the microbes present in healthy skin on the skin surface, within the stratum corneum, in the infundibulum of the sebaceous glands and in the hair follicles (fig. 1) . It may be differentiated: the resident flora that is continuously present on the skin and thus may be regularly sampled, the transient flora that is only sampled at low frequency or density and the temporary resident flora that transiently grows on the skin without leading to infection. , propionibacteria and gram-negative rods.
For clinical application [14, 20]. In each case, wound fluids and tissue exudates trigger the release of free silver ions for antimicrobial action or for absorption into tissues of the wound bed. Ideally, silver ion release will be sustained for the expected life-span of the dressing (up to 7 days). Three main forms of dressing are currently available: (1) those releasing high levels of silver for rapid antimicrobial action; (2) dressings that absorb wound exudates and where silver ions released provide sustained antimicrobial action (fig.
5]). of the CFU counts per square centimeter of the bacteria of the resident flora to zero in vivo is impossible even after repeated applications of a potent skin disinfectant . Korting et al.  have pointed out that the composition of the skin flora is subject to age: the streptococci which are found in infants disappear, and coryneform bacteria occur, which are mainly responsible for odor production. Anaerobic propionibacteria are more numerous in juveniles and young adults, a fact that may be explained by increased sebum production .