By Fritz Graf

Publish yr note: First released in 2000

Fritz Graf the following provides a survey of a god as soon as considered the main strong of gods, and able to nice wrath may still he be crossed: Apollo the solar god.

From his first attestations in Homer, in the course of the complicated query of pre-Homeric Apollo, to the competition among Apollo and Dionysos in 19th and twentieth-century pondering, Graf examines Greek faith and delusion to supply an entire account of Apollo within the historical world.

For scholars of Greek faith and tradition, of fable and legend, and within the fields of paintings and literature, Apollo will supply an informative and enlightening advent to this strong determine from the earlier.

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Additional info for Apollo (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World)

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The festival was celebrated in Ithaca, on the very day when Odysseus, up to now in his disguise as a beggar at Penelope’s court, revealed his identity and took his revenge on the suitors. The narrator introduces it rather off-handedly. The suitors assembled in Odysseus’ hall, sacrificed “large sheep and meaty goats, fat hogs and a cow from the herd” (Od. ) and had wine mixed to prepare for yet another sumptuous meal. Outside, in the city, a parallel action took place: heralds drove a hecatomb through the city, out to the sacred grove of Apollo “Far-shooter” where Ithaca’s citizens assembled (Od.

But the bow and the lyre are nearly as prominent. Twice, the singer presents his audience with the image of Apollo entering Olympus, and both times he insists upon the strong impression Apollo made on his fellow Olympians. ” This is a timeless scene of Apollo’s epiphany, told to impress the audience with the power of the god who is both addressee and theme of the Hymn, and it prepares for the triumph of the young god who will easily shoot and kill the monstruous snake that lives in the mountains of Delphi.

The second time when Agamemnon “stepped over the stone threshold to obtain an oracle” (Od. 80). Apollo’s main oracle was already well established at the very moment the Greek world becomes visible to us through Homer’s verses, and it already had made an impact all over the Greek world. THE HOMERIC HYMN TO APOLLO Apollo’s cults in Delus and Delphi are the central theme of a somewhat later text, the Homeric Hymn to Apollo. The Hymn is part of a larger collection of Greek hexametrical hymns that neatly falls into two distinctive groups: it contains five long hymns belonging to the Archaic and early Classical Ages, and twenty-eight short hymns, many of which are much younger.

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