By Cameron A. Petrie

The fourth millennium BC used to be a severe interval of socio-economic and political transformation within the Iranian Plateau and its surrounding zones. this era witnessed the looks of the world's earliest city centres, hierarchical administrative constructions, and writing platforms. those advancements are indicative of vital adjustments in socio-political constructions which have been interpreted as facts for the increase of early states and the advance of inter-regional exchange, embedded in longer-term procedures that begun within the later 5th millennium BC. Iran was once a big participant in western Asia specially within the medium- to long-range exchange in uncooked fabrics and entire goods all through this era. The 20 papers awarded right here illustrate forcefully how the re-examination of previous excavation effects, mixed with a lot new learn, has dramatically increased our wisdom and figuring out of neighborhood advancements at the Iranian Plateau and of long-range interactions throughout the severe interval of the fourth millennium BC.

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Back: image of the northern part of the Iranian Plateau and its neighbouring regions in winter. gov/Features/BlueMarble/ Images prepared by C. A. Petrie A CIP record for this book is available from the British Library Printed and bound in Great Britain by Short Run Press, Exeter CONTENTS Contributors Acknowledgements Introduction 1. Ancient Iran and Its Neighbours: the state of play. Environment, ecology, landscape, and subsistence 2. Mid-Holocene environmental and climatic change in Iran 3. Population and settlement trends in south-west Iran and neighbouring areas Sites and regions 4.

Assessing the distribution patterns of this material, Algaze (1993, 2005b) delineated two distinct dynamics of interaction between Mesopotamia and the Iranian Plateau and its western piedmont. In Susiana, in lowland south-west Iran, there is evidence of the widespread adoption of Mesopotamian-style material culture, and also ultimately administrative practices, during the Susa II period, which spans much of the fourth millennium BC. Algaze (1993; 2005b: 16) argued that this evidence was indicative of a deliberate colonisation of Susiana by people from Mesopotamia for the purpose of acquiring and holding land, effectively making it an eastern extension of the Mesopotamian alluvium (Algaze 1993; 2005b: 113; also Amiet 1979).

In Susiana, in lowland south-west Iran, there is evidence of the widespread adoption of Mesopotamian-style material culture, and also ultimately administrative practices, during the Susa II period, which spans much of the fourth millennium BC. Algaze (1993; 2005b: 16) argued that this evidence was indicative of a deliberate colonisation of Susiana by people from Mesopotamia for the purpose of acquiring and holding land, effectively making it an eastern extension of the Mesopotamian alluvium (Algaze 1993; 2005b: 113; also Amiet 1979).

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