By Kathleen Kuiper

Domestic to a couple of the main outstanding feats of engineering in addition to awe-inspiring common vistas, old Egypt was once a land of significant promise fulfilled. Its pyramids, writing platforms, and artwork all predate the Islamic conquest and are symbols of the civilizations power. This quantity invitations readers to take pleasure in the splendors of historical Egyptian tradition and realize the traditions that experience fired imaginations world wide for generations. an in depth appendix profiles very important websites all through Egypt, a lot of which nonetheless include remnants and artifacts that ably illustrate the import of this awesome civilization.

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Additional resources for Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)

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The campaign also had the welcome consequence of introducing a wide range of archaeological expertise to Egypt, so that standards of excavation and recording in the country have risen greatly. Excavation and survey of great importance have continued in many places. For example, at S·aqqārah, part of the necropolis of the ancient city of Memphis, new areas of the Sarapeum have been uncovered with rich finds, and a major New Kingdom necropolis is being thoroughly explored. The site of ancient Memphis itself has been systematically surveyed; its position in relation to the ancient course of the Nile has been established; and urban occupation areas have been studied in detail for the first time.

In Upper Egypt, between Asyūt· and Luxor (Al-Uqs·ur), have been found the Tasian culture (named for Dayr Tāsā) and the Badarian culture (named for Al-Badārī); these date from the late 5th millennium bc. Most of the evidence for them comes from cemeteries, where the burials included fine black-topped red pottery, ornaments, some copper objects, and glazed steatite beads. The most characteristic predynastic luxury objects, slate palettes for grinding cosmetics, occur for the first time in this period.

Both parties spoke for themselves and presented any pertinent documentary evidence. Witnesses sometimes were called, but usually the judge ruled on the grounds of the documents and the testimony of each party. The judgment included recommendations for preserving the written record of the trial—possibly the main reason why many of these documents are extant. Although masculine primogeniture dominated in some periods of Egyptian history, there are records of property being divided equally among the children, male and female.

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