By Edward Harper Parker
The upshot of it was once that during 771 B.C. the Emperor was once killed via the Tartars in conflict, and it used to be simply by means of securing the army suggestions of the semi-Tartar Warden of the Marches that the imperial dynasty used to be kept. because it was once, the Emperor's capital used to be completely moved east from the speedy neighbourhood of what we name Si-ngan Fu in Shen Si province to the instant neighbourhood of Ho-nan Fu within the glossy Ho Nan province; and as a present for his prone the Warden was once granted approximately the entire of the unique imperial patrimony west of the Yellow River bend and on each side of the Wei Valley. This used to be additionally within the 12 months 771 B.C., and this is often relatively one of many nice pivot-points in chinese language background, of equivalent weight with the virtually contemporaneous founding of Rome, and the slow substitution of a Roman centre for a Greek centre within the improvement and civilization of the some distance West.
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CHAPTER XXXVIII WOMEN AND MORALS Rights of women in ancient China--The legal rule and the actual fact--Instances of irregularity in female status, both in ancient and modern China--Instances of incest and irregular marriage even in orthodox states-Women, once married, not to come back--The much-married Second Protector--Hun and Turk customs about taking over Wives--Clan marriages of doubtful legality--Succession rules-- Ts'u irregularities and caprice--Elder brothers by inferior wives--Paranymphs, or under-studies of the wife--Women always under some man's power--Incestuous fathers--Lex Julia introduced into Yiieh by its vengeful King--The evil morals of the Shanghai-Ningpo region of ancient Yiieh--No prostitution in ancient China, except perhaps in Ts'i--No infanticide--Incest and names.
The chapters are split up into short discussions and descriptions, because longer divisions are apt to be tedious where ancient history is concerned. And the narrative of political movement is frequently interrupted by the introduction of new matter, in order to provide novelty and stimulate the imagination. Moreover, all chapters and all subjects converge on one general focus. " (John Murray, 1901), I have confessed how tedious I myself had found ancient Chinese history, and how its human interest only begins with foreign relations.
Ts'in's conquests in north, south, east, and west--The First August Emperor's travels-- Lao-tsz's Taoist philosophy becomes fashionable--Ts'in's hatred of orthodox literature, and of the Odes and Book in particular--The Book of Changes escapes his hatred--Revolutionary decree of the First August Emperor-Lost annals of all feudal states but Ts'in-- Learned Tartars of Tsin-Confucius used Tsin annals too--Origin of the name Shi-ki, or "Historical Annals"--Further evidence of lost histories--Curious name for Ts'u Annals--Ts'u poetry- Ts'u's knowledge of past history--The term "Springs and Autumns"-- Baldness of early Chinese annals.