By Diane Larsen-Freeman

Knowing how humans study and fail to benefit moment and overseas languages is more and more known as a severe social and psycholinguistic factor. moment languages are very important to varied teams of individuals, starting from refugees to school scholars dealing with overseas language requisites. This publication presents a synthesis of empirical findings on moment and international language studying through kids and adults, emphasising the layout and execution of acceptable research.

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By M. Long from TESOL Quarterly 17 (p. 375), and for a table (A typology of communication strategies) from 'Conscious communication strategies in interlanguage' by E. D. Brown, C. Yorio and R. Crymes (p. 197). 1 The place of second language in the world today What comes to mind for many people when they encounter the phrase 'second language acquisition', is the experience they had as school students when they were engaged in the study of one or more foreign languages. Second language acquisition, however, occurs in other forms in schools today as well.

But there are other, less obvious areas for which an understanding of SLA may prove helpful. One such example is with certain populations which have specific language-learning needs. For instance, language intervention issues for mentally retarded individuals parallel second language teaching issues to a striking degree (see, for example, Rosenberg 1982). Diagnosing non-native speaking children's learning disabilities as distinct from their second language problems is another example. Facilitating the acquisition of a spoken language by deaf individuals already fluent in sign language is yet a third.

Then, too, although we have no independent evidence to corroborate their claim, second language learners who have studied SLA research report anecdotally that their awareness of the SLA process facilitates their subsequent attempts at language learning. Clearly a heightened understanding of second language acquisition could also have impact on the other educational programmes involving language 39 acquisition, such as bilingual education and immersion programmes. But there are other, less obvious areas for which an understanding of SLA may prove helpful.

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