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A comparative research which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. beforehand, little realization has been paid to the rural region which truly underpins commercial and advertisement improvement. lately, this quarter has turn into the focal point of more and more sour financial disputes, specifically over defense and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, making use of case reviews from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to spotlight either the typical features of agriculture's position in East Asian improvement, and contours specific to the political financial system of agriculture in every one state.

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Additional info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)

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Rice cultivation spread through South East Asia and China from around the fifth millennium BC, reaching Japan, probably via Korea, around 300–400 BC (Bray 1986:10). There are two main types of rice, indica, which has long grains that remain separate when cooked, and japonica, which has short grains that become sticky on cooking. Both were grown in China, but japonica varieties do better in colder climates and have predominated in Japan and Korea. Highyielding varieties of Japanese-style rice were brought to Taiwan during the colonial period and Japanese/native Taiwanese crosses were also developed.

Just as industrial groups and industry associations, acting as co-ordinators and representatives of particular interests, play a crucial role in the operation of East Asian industrial 16 Agriculture and economic development in East Asia policy, so, it might be argued, do co-operatives and other kinds of village-based organisation fulfil the same kind of function in the determination and implementation of the agricultural policy of the bureaucratic developmental state. Finally, East Asia’s agricultural development has been striking as regards its international connotations and repercussions.

However, from the point of view of the conditions for agriculture, Japan, Korea and Taiwan share one, perhaps overriding, characteristic, in the form of limited resources of land suitable for arable cultivation. The agricultural systems developed over the generations in the region have therefore been designed to make maximum use of available land to support the population and have centred on the practice of irrigated rice cultivation. This section will examine the common consequences of this for the infrastructure of farming and its interaction with the social and political organisation of life in rural areas.

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