By Eugene A. Lovelace
Awarded during this quantity is a dialogue of present literature and theoretical concerns on the subject of 3 features of late-life age-related cognitive switch. to begin with, proof concerning getting older and the fundamental psychological approaches of cognizance, motor keep watch over, reminiscence, language, problem-solving, and intelligence are offered. Secondly, the function of non-public features corresponding to character and self-efficacy within the getting older of cognitive functionality are constructed, besides self-awareness of cognitive procedures and age alterations within the tracking of those tactics. Thirdly, attention is given to the research of interventions to hold up or remediate the cognitive declines of getting older.
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Extra resources for Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
In any case, one must keep in mind the sampled populations when deciding how broadly one can safely generalize any apparent age differences. For a further consideration of these complex issues of adult age as a variable of study see Kausler (1982, Chapters 1-S), Botwinick (1984, Chapters 20 & 21), Birren and Cunningham (1989, and Nesselroade and Labouvie (1985). Issues of Cognitive Aging Age Effects Via Non-cognitive Factors Cognitive processes are, of course, covert. They cannot be directly observed and recorded.
Birren & K. W. , pp. 79-102). San Diego: Academic Press. Erber, J. T. (1981). Remote memory and age: A review. Experimental Aging Research, 7, 189-199. Flexser, A. , & Tulving, E. (1978). Retrieval independence in recognition and recall. Psychological Review, 85, 153-171. Hasher, L. & Zacks, R. (1979). Automatic and effortful processes in memory. Journal of experimental psychology: General, 108, 356-388. Hasher, L. & Zacks, R. (1984). Automatic processing of fundamental information: The case of frequency of occurrence.
When one considers the type of representation involved in a secondary memory task it becomes apparent that some sorts of memory traces show much greater age difference than others. , Mitchell (1989). One sort of psychometric data that supports the notion of little age effect in memory for semantic information is the portion of the "classic aging pattern" (Botwinick, 1984) in which verbal subtests of intelligence tests show little relationship to age. ) Subjective loss offunction. Finally, let it be noted that one well-documented age effect concerns the beliefs of the aged that they are experiencing a decline in cognitive functioning.