By P. B. Medawar

To these attracted to a existence in technology, Sir Peter Medawar, Nobel laureate, deflates the myths of invincibility, superiority, and genius; as a substitute, he demonstrates it's normal feel and an inquiring brain which are necessary to the scientist’s calling. He deflates the myths surrounding scientists—invincibility, superiority, and genius; as a substitute, he argues that it's common experience and an inquiring brain which are necessary to the make-up of a scientist. He provides many wry observations on tips to decide on a study subject, tips on how to get alongside wih collaborators and older scientists and directors, how (and how now not) to offer a systematic paper, and the way to deal with culturally ”superior” experts within the arts and arts.

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But even if they are not especially proficient the scientific profession has special attractions for intelligent women; self-interest has long persuaded universities and the great research organizations to give women equality of treatment with men. This equality of treatment moreover is that which comes from equality of merit, not that which represents an enforced and perhaps reluctant acquiescence in the newly devised statutory obligations that now require employ20 Sexism and Racism in Science I 21 ers to treat women as if they were human beings.

It is a matter therefore for regret rather than censure that in innumerable ways-especially in his failure to give credit where it belonged-the young Watson showed himself not big enough by far to match the truly splendid discovery in which he played so important a part. Scientmanship. The word formation is of course Stephen Potter's: scientrnanship is one-upmanship in a scientific context. As to scientman, Onions in his etymological dictionary• cites it as one of the solutions to the problem of what one word might 4.

I Aspects of Scientific Life and Manners I 49 cers caused by extrinsic agents as high as 80 percent. Another declaration of the same genre as the one about the common cold is that "cancer is a disease of civilization"-a seemingly natural inference from the fact that cancer is much more widely prevalent in the industrialized countries of the Western world than in the developing nations. But it is second nature to people familiar with demography or epidemiology to ask if the populations being compared are genuinely comparable, and here they are not.

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