By Petra Perner

This booklet constitutes the refereed court cases of the sixteenth commercial convention on Advances in information Mining, ICDM 2016, held in long island, big apple, united states, in July 2016.

The 33 revised complete papers provided have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from a hundred submissions. the subjects variety from theoretical points of knowledge mining to functions of knowledge mining, reminiscent of in multimedia info, in advertising, in medication, and in procedure keep watch over, undefined, and society.

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Additional resources for Advances in Data Mining. Applications and Theoretical Aspects: 16th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2016, New York, NY, USA, July 13-17, 2016. Proceedings

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4 Results Fifty-four curvatures (3 positions  1 movement sequence  18 patients) were reconstructed by using the chain of MMSs. 0000 mm. 0000 respectively. These errors were calculated between the curvatures and parameters estimated by using the polynomial (the actual spine curvature) and chain. It should be noted that the estimates by using the polynomials are the reference in this study because we adopted Analytic Cobb method [22, 23] that measures the parameters on the spine curvature. The small RMSEs show that the curvatures estimated by the chain are good estimates of the actual spine curvatures, and the estimated curvatures give good estimates of the key parameters for planning scoliosis surgery.

2a) [15]. Y-axis of G is parallel to the line joining the left and right pedicles of the lowest vertebra. Z-axis is parallel to the line that passes through the center of the upper and lower endplates of the lowest vertebra. X-axis defines the anterior direction. The plane YZ is the frontal plane of the human body. 2. Scoliotic spine curvature in the frontal plane. It is the curved line that passes through the mid-points of the vertebral bodies projected on the frontal plane (Fig. 2b). 3. Location of a vertebra in the frontal plane (LOC).

The severity of the scoliosis is determined by Cobb angle; Cobb angle greater than 45° corresponds to the severe scoliosis. We define the terms below to describe the scoliotic spine curvatures in the frontal plane in order to study the relationships between the curvatures. The definitions are based on the concept of ‘vertebral body line’ proposed by Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) (term #2 in [14]). 2 3 Inflection vertebra is where the spine curvature changes direction from convex to concave and vice versa [15].

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